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Category: Environment

A study by the University of Liverpool has found that the genetic diversity of wild plant species could be altered rapidly by anthropogenic climate change.

Full articleAugust 27, 2015 04:31 PM160 views
Category: Molecular & Cell Biology

Every organism--from a seedling to a president--must protect its DNA at all costs, but precisely how a cell distinguishes between damage to its own DNA and the foreign DNA of an invading virus has remained a mystery.

Full articleAugust 27, 2015 04:31 PM128 views
Category: AIDS & HIV

Researchers led by the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health examined HIV testing trends among adults ages 50 through 64 both before and after 2006, when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended that most doctors automatically screen all patients for HIV regardless of whether they have symptoms.

Full articleAugust 27, 2015 04:31 PM98 views
Category: Molecular & Cell Biology

Dr. Anita Göndör and her colleagues at Karolinska Institutet show that circadian genes 'take a nap' everyday at the periphery of the nucleus.
Mobility between different physical environments in the cell nucleus regulates the daily oscillations in the activity of genes that are controlled by the internal biological clock, according to a study that is published in the journal Molecular Cell. Eventually, these findings may lead to novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of diseases linked with disrupted circadian rhythm.

Full articleAugust 27, 2015 04:31 PM105 views
Category: AIDS & HIV

Researchers from the Gladstone Institutes have revealed that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another.

Full articleAugust 27, 2015 04:31 PM97 views
Category: Molecular & Cell Biology

Florida State University researchers have taken a big step forward in the fight against cancer with a discovery that could open up the door for new research and treatment options.

Full articleAugust 27, 2015 04:31 PM57 views
Category: Gene Therapy

Degenerating neurons in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) measurably responded to an experimental gene therapy in which nerve growth factor (NGF) was injected into their brains, report researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine in the current issue of JAMA Neurology.

Full articleAugust 27, 2015 04:31 PM65 views
Category: Molecular & Cell Biology

These are plant cells stretching within the artificial scaffold.
Miniscule artificial scaffolding units made from nano-fibre polymers and built to house plant cells have enabled scientists to see for the first time how individual plant cells behave and interact with each other in a three-dimensional environment.

Full articleAugust 26, 2015 05:25 PM730 views
Category: Health & Medicine

The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA), in partnership with the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA) and Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen), announced today that Theresa Alenghat, VMD, PhD, from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, OH, was awarded with the 2015 AGA-CCFA-Janssen Research Award in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Epigenetics Research.

Full articleAugust 26, 2015 05:25 PM481 views
Category: Microbiology

This is Associate Professor Solomon in the wheat biosecurity lab at the Research School of Biology.
Researchers have unraveled the mystery cause of the emerging wheat disease White Grain Disorder.

Full articleAugust 26, 2015 05:25 PM514 views
Category: Environment

The study looked at Thaumarchaeota archaea, which are found throughout the world's oceans. These single-celled organisms have one membrane sac that encloses their bodies.
Understanding the planet's history is crucial if we are to predict its future. While some records are preserved in ice cores or tree rings, other records of the climate's ancient past are buried deep in the seafloor.

Full articleAugust 26, 2015 05:25 PM446 views
Category: Microbiology

Seal liver infected with novel hepatitis A-like virus was dubbed phopivirus.
Scientists in the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health have discovered a new virus in seals that is the closest known relative of the human hepatitis A virus. The finding provides new clues on the emergence of hepatitis A. The research appears in the July/August issue of mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Full articleAugust 25, 2015 05:34 PM1046 views
Category: Biology

In early August, biologist Peter Ward returned from the South Pacific with news that he encountered an old friend, one he hadn't seen in over three decades. The University of Washington professor had seen what he considers one of the world's rarest animals, a remote encounter that may become even more infrequent if illegal fishing practices continue.

Full articleAugust 25, 2015 05:34 PM982 views
Category: Bioinformatics

Barley is one of the world's most important cereal crops.
Barley, a widely grown cereal grain commonly used to make beer and other alcoholic beverages, possesses a large and highly repetitive genome that is difficult to fully sequence. Now a team led by scientists at the University of California, Riverside has reached a new milestone in its work, begun in 2000, on sequencing the barley genome. The researchers have sequenced large portions of the genome that together contain nearly two-thirds of all barley genes.

Full articleAugust 25, 2015 05:34 PM929 views

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