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Category: Microbiology

In contrast to their negative reputation as disease causing agents, some viruses can perform crucial biological and evolutionary functions that help to shape the world we live in today, according to a new report by the American Academy of Microbiology.

Full articleJuly 22, 2014 06:03 PM256 views
Category: Biotechnology

Viruses designed to target and kill cancer cells could boost the effectiveness of chemotherapy to the arms and legs and help avoid amputation, a new study reports.

Full articleJuly 22, 2014 06:03 PM270 views
Category: Bioinformatics


Prof. Ruedi Fries and Dr. Hubert Pausch monitor sequence data of breeding cattle.
An international collaboration known as the '1000 Bull Genomes Project' aims to accelerate breeding for desired traits in beef and dairy cattle while also improving animal health and welfare. Results of the project's first phase -- based on sequencing the whole genomes of 234 individual bulls whose direct descendants number in the tens of millions -- are reported in the journal Nature Genetics.

Full articleJuly 22, 2014 06:03 PM197 views
Category: Molecular & Cell Biology

Researchers at the BBSRC-funded Babraham Institute, in collaboration with the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Single Cell Genomics Centre, have developed a powerful new single-cell technique to help investigate how the environment affects our development and the traits we inherit from our parents. The technique can be used to map all of the 'epigenetic marks' on the DNA within a single cell. This single-cell approach will boost understanding of embryonic development, could enhance clinical applications like cancer therapy and fertility treatments, and has the potential to reduce the number of mice currently needed for this research.

Full articleJuly 21, 2014 05:49 PM1002 views
Category: Molecular & Cell Biology
Full articleJuly 18, 2014 06:44 PM976 views
Category: Bioinformatics

The genetic blueprint is an invaluable resource to plant science researchers and breeders. For the first time, they have at their disposal a set of tools enabling them to rapidly locate specific genes on individual wheat chromosomes throughout the genome. Jorge Dubcovsky, Professor at the University of California Davis, USA, says that these results "have been a fantastic resource for our laboratory. The development of genome specific primers, which used to take several weeks of work, can now be done in hours. Mapping of any sequence to the specific chromosome arm can now be done in silico in minutes. In addition to the acceleration of day to day work in wheat genetics, this resource has made possible analyses and discoveries at the genome level that were not possible before."

Full articleJuly 17, 2014 05:56 PM984 views
Category: Bioinformatics

Researchers have created the first comprehensive library of genetic switches in plants, setting the stage for scientists around the globe to better understand how plants adapt to environmental changes and to design more robust plants for future food security.

Full articleJuly 17, 2014 05:56 PM903 views
Category: Biology

Birdsongs automatically decoded by computer scientists

Full articleJuly 17, 2014 05:56 PM1105 views
Category: Microbiology

Scientists have discovered a new pathway the dengue virus takes to suppress the human immune system. This new knowledge deepens our understanding of the virus and could contribute to the development of more effective therapeutics.

Full articleJuly 16, 2014 06:37 PM1326 views
Category: Stem Cell Research


Two transcription factors are all that is required to make blood from pluripotent stem cells.
The ability to reliably and safely make in the laboratory all of the different types of cells in human blood is one key step closer to reality.

Full articleJuly 14, 2014 05:53 PM2127 views
Category: Biotechnology

CRISPR, a system of genes that bacteria use to fend off viruses, is involved in promoting antibiotic resistance in Francisella novicida, a close relative of the bacterium that causes tularemia. The finding contrasts with previous observations in other bacteria that the CRISPR system hinders the spread of antibiotic resistance genes.

Full articleJuly 14, 2014 05:53 PM1215 views
Category: Biology


This is an image of the inflorescence of Arabidopsis thaliana.
In close collaboration with Jürg Schönenberger and Yannick Städler from the Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research of the Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, 14 developmental stages of the flower of Arabidopsis thaliana from very early meristematic floral initiation to fully developed seeds were monitored with micro-computed tomography in 3D. From the same set of developmental stages a full metabolic profile using mass spectrometry was measured covering hundreds of biochemical pathways.

Full articleJuly 14, 2014 05:53 PM1004 views
Category: Molecular & Cell Biology

An international team of researchers, including scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg, has just a reported a major step in understanding photosynthesis, the process by which the Earth first gained and now maintains the oxygen in its atmosphere and which is therefore crucial for all higher forms of life on earth.

Full articleJuly 11, 2014 05:47 PM1671 views
Category: Gene Therapy

Researchers from Salk Institute for Biological Studies, BGI, and other institutes for the first time evaluated the safety and reliability of the existing targeted gene correction technologies, and successfully developed a new method, TALEN-HDAdV, which could significantly increased gene-correction efficiency in human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC). This study published online in Cell Stell Cell provides an important theoretical foundation for stem cell-based gene therapy.

Full articleJuly 11, 2014 05:47 PM1393 views

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